Heidelberg Catechism 20 – 23

Preacher: Rev Gavino Fioretti

John 3: 1 – 21

(verse 16) For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. (ESV)

Question 20. Are all men then, as they perished in Adam, saved by Christ?
Answer. No; only those who are ingrafted into him, and receive all his benefits, by a true faith.

Question 21. What is true faith?

Answer. True faith is not only a certain knowledge, whereby I hold for truth all that God has revealed to us in his word, but also an assured confidence, which the Holy Ghost works by the gospel, in my heart; that not only to others, but to me also, remission of sin, everlasting righteousness and salvation, are freely given by God, merely of grace, only for the sake of Christ’s merits.

Question 22. What is then necessary for a christian to believe?
Answer. All things promised us in the gospel, which the articles of our catholic undoubted christian faith briefly teach us.

Question 23. What are these articles?

Answer. I. I believe in God the Father, Almighty, Maker of heaven and
II. And in Jesus Christ, his only begotten Son, our Lord:
III. Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary:
IV. Suffered under Pontius Pilate; was crucified, dead, and buried: He
descended into hell:
V. The third day he rose again from the dead:
VI. He ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of God the
Father Almighty:
VII. From thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead:
VIII.I believe in the Holy Ghost:
IX. I believe an holy catholic church: the communion of saints:
X. The forgiveness of sins:
XI. The resurrection of the body:
XII. And the life everlasting. AMEN.

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  1. Origin
  2. Elements – personal knowledge, personal acknowledgement, personal trust
  3. Contents – God’s grace, God’s forgiveness, God’s righteousness, God’s salvation, God’s Son