Heidelberg Catechism 40 to 33


Preacher: Rev Gavino Fioretti

Romans 5: 1 – 6: 11

(Romans 6: 4) We were buried therefore with him by baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life. (ESV)

Question 40. Why was it necessary for Christ to humble himself even unto death?
Answer. Because with respect to the justice and truth of God, satisfaction for sins could be made no otherwise, than by the death of the Son of God.

Question 41. Why was he also “buried”?
Answer. Thereby to prove that he was really dead.

Question 42. Since then Christ died for us, why must we also die?
Answer. Our death is not a satisfaction for our sins, but only an abolishing of sin, and a passage into eternal life.

Question 43. What further benefit do we receive from the sacrifice and death of Christ on the cross?
Answer. That by virtue thereof, our old man is crucified, dead and buried with him; that so the corrupt inclinations of the flesh may no more reign in us; but that we may offer ourselves unto him a sacrifice of thanksgiving.

Question 44. Why is there added, “he descended into hell”?
Answer. That in my greatest temptations, I may be assured, and wholly comfort myself in this, that my Lord Jesus Christ, by his inexpressible anguish, pains, terrors, and hellish agonies, in which he was plunged during all his sufferings, but especially on the cross, hath delivered me from the anguish and torments of hell.

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Jesus Christ – His death

  1. The death of Christ expressed in terms of satisfaction
  2. The death of Christ for our sanctification
  3. The death of Christ is ground for our glorification
  4. The death of Christ is all about redemption