Heidelberg Catechisms 105 – 107

Preacher: Rev Gavino Fioretti

Readings: Numbers 35: 9 – 34

Text: Exodus 20: 13 You shall not murder. (ESV)

Q. 105 What is God’s will for you in the sixth commandment?

A. I am not to belittle, hate, insult, or kill my neighbour—not by my thoughts, my words, my look or gesture, and certainly not by actual deeds— and I am not to be party to this in others; rather, I am to put away all desire for revenge. I am not to harm or recklessly endanger myself either. Prevention of murder is also why government is armed with the sword.

Q. 106 Does this commandment refer only to murder?

A. By forbidding murder God teaches us that he hates the root of murder: envy, hatred, anger, vindictiveness. In God’s sight all such are disguised forms of murder.

Q. 107 Is it enough then that we do not murder our neighbour in any such way?

A. No. By condemning envy, hatred, and anger God wants us to love our neighbours as ourselves, to be patient, peace-loving, gentle, merciful, and friendly toward them, to protect them from harm as much as we can, and to do good even to our enemies.

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  1. The ground for this commandment:

God’s hatred:

God’s archenemy: …he was a murderer from the beginning (John 8:44)

God’s creation: Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed, for God made man in his own image (Gen 9:6)

God’s image:

  1. The extent of this commandment:

Our thoughts:

Our words:

Our works:

Our life:

Our neighbours:

Our enemies:

Our government:

  1. The qualifications to this commandment:

Capital punishment: (Gen 9:6)

it is very revealing that many of those who oppose capital punishment are in favour of assisted suicide and abortion.

Various degrees:

Just wars: