Heidelberg Catechisms 110, 111

Preacher: Rev Gavino Fioretti

Reading: Philemon

Text: Exodus 20: 15 You shall not steal. (ESV)

Apologies – there is no recording of this service. Due to inclement weather worship took place via ZOOM.

Q. 110 What does God forbid in the eighth commandment?

A. God forbids not only outright theft and robbery, punishable by law. But in God’s sight theft also includes all scheming and swindling in order to get our neighbour’s goods for ourselves, whether by force or means that appear legitimate, such as inaccurate measurements of weight, size, or volume; fraudulent merchandising; counterfeit money;
excessive interest; or any other means forbidden by God. In addition God forbids all greed
and pointless squandering of his gifts.

Q. 111 What does God require of you in this commandment?

A. That I do whatever I can for my neighbour’s good, that I treat others as I would like them to treat me, and that I work faithfully so that I may share with those in need.


  • When we break the fifth commandment, we sin against our neighbour by taking away their honour.
  • When we break the sixth commandment, we sin against our neighbours by taking away his spouse.
  • When we break the eighth commandment, we sin against our neighbour by taking away his possessions.
  • When we break the ninth commandment, we sin against our neighbour by taking away his reputation.
  1. Moral responsibility:

Civil law:

God’s law: What might be legal might still be immoral and what might be illegal might be moral.

Creational ordinance:

  1. Greedy heart:




  1. Multiple ways:




Exploiting: Usury


Slavery: Whoever steals a man and sells him, and anyone found in possession of him, shall be put to death (Ex 21:16)

  1. Faithful labour:

God given mean: Let the thief no longer steal, but rather let him labor, doing honest work with his own hands, so that he may have something to share with anyone in need (Eph 4:28)

God’s example:

  1. Golden rule:

My neighbour’s good:

My personal expectation: