Heidelberg Catechism 123

Preacher: Rev Gavino Fioretti

Reading: Ephesians 1: 15 – 2: 22

Text: Matthew 6: 10 Your kingdom come. (ESV)

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Q.123 What does the second petition mean?

A. “Your kingdom come” means: Rule us by your Word and Spirit in such a way

that more and more we submit to you. Preserve your church and make it grow. Destroy the devil’s work; destroy every force which revolts against you and every conspiracy against your holy Word. Do this until your kingdom fully comes, when you will be all in all.


The doing of God:

The glory of God:

1. Spiritual:

Jesus said to Pilate: My kingdom is not of this world.

The implications of our salvation: Paul writes to the Colossians: He has delivered us from the domain of darkness and transferred us to the kingdom of his beloved Son. Jesus says to Nicodemus that new birth is the only way to enter God’s kingdom. This tells us a lot about the nature of biblical conversion. It is not saying a prayer. It is receiving Jesus as Lord or to use the words of Peter: Humble yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand of God…

The conversion of our neighbours:

The content of our preaching:

2. Ecclesiastical:

Increase our number: We pray that sinners will enter into God’s kingdom.

Increase our power: The apostles in a time of persecution pray that God would grant to his servants to continue to speak your word with all boldness, while you stretch out your hand to heal and signs and wonders are performed through the name of your holy servant Jesus. We pray for God to give us strength in our duties.

Increase our faithfulness: By these words, your kingdom come, we show that as a church we want to be faithful to Jesus.

Increase our borders: Mission!

3. Universal:

Christ’s return: Come, Lord Jesus!

Christ’s victory:

Heidelberg Catechism 122

Preacher: Rev Gavino Fioretti

Reading: Romans 11

Text: Matthew 6: 9 Pray then like this: “Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. (ESV)

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Q. 122 What does the first petition mean?

A. “Hallowed be your name” means: Help us to truly know you, to honour, glorify, and praise you for all your works and for all that shines forth from them: your almighty power, wisdom, kindness, justice, mercy, and truth.

And it means, Help us to direct all our living—what we think, say, and do—so that your name will never be blasphemed because of us but always honoured and praised.

Question 122


Our confession:

Our regeneration:

  1. God’s name:

His person:

His revelation:

His works:

  1. God’s glorification:




  1. God’s priority:

His law:

His hymn book:

His example:

His kingdom:

  1. God’s way:

Our thoughts:

Our words:

Our prayers:

Our witness:

Our gathering:

Our actions:

Heidelberg Catechisms 120, 121

Preacher: Rev Gavino Fioretti

Reading: Matthew: 1 – 18

Text: Matthew 6: 9 This, then, is how you should pray: “Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name” (ESV)

Q. 120 Why did Christ command us to call God “our Father”?

To awaken in us at the very beginning of our prayer what should be basic to our prayer—a childlike reverence and trust that through Christ God has become our Father, and that just as our parents do not refuse us the things of this life, even less will God our Father refuse to give us what we ask in faith.

Q. 121 Why the words “in heaven”?

A. These words teach us not to think of God’s heavenly majesty as something earthly, and to expect everything needed for body and soul from God’s almighty power.


Biblical approach:

Biblical God:

  1. An incomprehensible privilege:

God’s grace:

God’ Son:

God’s love:

  1. A collective task:

With others:

For others:

  1. A powerful encouragement:

To trust God’s willingness:

To trust God’s power:

  1. A solemn reminder:

Childlike reverence:

Heavenly majesty:

Apologies for no recordings.

Heidelberg Catechisms 116 – 119

Preacher: Rev Gavino Fioretti

Reading: Daniel 9: 1 – 23

Text: Matthew 6: 5 – 14 …. But when you pray, go into your room and shut the door and pray to your Father who is in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.… (ESV)

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Q. 116 Why do Christians need to pray?
A. Because prayer is the most important part of the thankfulness God requires of us. And also because God gives his grace and Holy Spirit only to those who pray continually and groan inwardly, asking God for these gifts and thanking God for them.

Q. 117 What is the kind of prayer that pleases God and that he listens to?
A. First, we must pray from the heart to no other than the one true God, revealed to us in his Word, asking for everything God has commanded us to ask for.
Second, we must fully recognize our need and misery, so that we humble ourselves in God’s majestic presence. Third, we must rest on this unshakable foundation: even though we do not deserve it, God will surely listen to our prayer because of Christ our Lord. That is what God promised us in his Word.

Q.118 What did God command us to pray for?
A. Everything we need, spiritually and physically, as embraced in the prayer Christ our Lord himself taught us.

Q.119 What is this prayer?
A. Our Father which art in heaven,
Hallowed be thy name.
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread.
And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.

Questions 116-119
A painful admission:
A well-meant misunderstanding:
A needed encouragement:

1. The need for prayer:

Thankfulness to God:
Dependence on God:
Chosen by God:

2. The biblical prayer:

The true God:
The will of God:
The majesty of God:
The promises of God:

3. The items for prayer:

Our physical need:
Our spiritual need:

Heidelberg Catechisms 114 – 115

Preacher: Rev Gavino Fioretti

Reading: Romans 7

Text: Exodus 20: 17 You shall not covet your neighbour’s house; you shall not covet your neighbour’s wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbour’s. (ESV)

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Q. 113 What is the aim of the tenth commandment?

A. That not even the slightest desire or thought contrary to any one of God’s commandments should ever arise in our hearts. Rather, with all our hearts we should always hate sin and take pleasure in whatever is right

Q. 114 But can those converted to God obey these commandments perfectly?

A. No. In this life even the holiest have only a small beginning of this obedience. Nevertheless, with all seriousness of purpose, they do begin to live according to all, not only some, of God’s commandments.

Q. 115 Since no one in this life can obey the Ten Commandments perfectly, why does God want them preached so pointedly?

A. First, so that the longer we live the more we may come to know our sinfulness and the more eagerly look to Christ for forgiveness of sins and righteousness. Second, so that we may never stop striving, and never stop praying to God for the grace of the Holy Spirit, to be renewed more and more after God’s image, until after this life we reach our goal: perfection.


  1. The last of the commandments:

Searches our hearts:

Challenges our hearts:

  1. Obedience to the commandments:

Impossible task:

Small beginning:

Seriousness of purpose:

All of them:

  1. The purpose of the commandments:

God’s demands:

God’s grace:

God’s righteousness:

God’s Spirit:

Heidelberg Catechisms 112

Preacher: Rev Gavino Fioretti

Reading: James 3: 1 – 12; Genesis 3: 1 – 13

Text: Exodus 20: 16 You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour. (ESV)

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Q. 112 What is the aim of the ninth commandment?

A. That I never give false testimony against anyone, twist no one’s words, not gossip or slander, nor join in condemning anyone rashly or without a hearing.

Rather, in court and everywhere else, I should avoid lying and deceit of every kind; these are the very devices the devil uses, and they would call down on me God’s intense wrath.

I should love the truth, speak it candidly, and openly acknowledge it.

And I should do what I can to guard and advance my neighbour’s good name.

The 9th Commandment


Hard to imagine:

Hard to fulfil:

  1. God’s pure requirements:

Truthful testimony:

Truthful reports:

Truthful judgments:

Truthful words:

  1. God’s archenemy:

His nature:

His strategy:

  1. God’s holy character:

His truth:

His wrath: But as for the cowardly, the faithless, the polluted, the murderers, the fornicators, the sorcerers, the idolaters, and all liars, their place will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulphur, which is the second death (Rev 21:8).

  1. God-given principles:

Love your neighbour:

Seek the good of your neighbour:

Heidelberg Catechisms 110, 111

Preacher: Rev Gavino Fioretti

Reading: Philemon

Text: Exodus 20: 15 You shall not steal. (ESV)

Apologies – there is no recording of this service. Due to inclement weather worship took place via ZOOM.

Q. 110 What does God forbid in the eighth commandment?

A. God forbids not only outright theft and robbery, punishable by law. But in God’s sight theft also includes all scheming and swindling in order to get our neighbour’s goods for ourselves, whether by force or means that appear legitimate, such as inaccurate measurements of weight, size, or volume; fraudulent merchandising; counterfeit money;
excessive interest; or any other means forbidden by God. In addition God forbids all greed
and pointless squandering of his gifts.

Q. 111 What does God require of you in this commandment?

A. That I do whatever I can for my neighbour’s good, that I treat others as I would like them to treat me, and that I work faithfully so that I may share with those in need.


  • When we break the fifth commandment, we sin against our neighbour by taking away their honour.
  • When we break the sixth commandment, we sin against our neighbours by taking away his spouse.
  • When we break the eighth commandment, we sin against our neighbour by taking away his possessions.
  • When we break the ninth commandment, we sin against our neighbour by taking away his reputation.
  1. Moral responsibility:

Civil law:

God’s law: What might be legal might still be immoral and what might be illegal might be moral.

Creational ordinance:

  1. Greedy heart:




  1. Multiple ways:




Exploiting: Usury


Slavery: Whoever steals a man and sells him, and anyone found in possession of him, shall be put to death (Ex 21:16)

  1. Faithful labour:

God given mean: Let the thief no longer steal, but rather let him labor, doing honest work with his own hands, so that he may have something to share with anyone in need (Eph 4:28)

God’s example:

  1. Golden rule:

My neighbour’s good:

My personal expectation:

Heidelberg Catechisms 108 – 109

Preacher: Rev Gavino Fioretti

Readings: Genesis 2: 15 – 24; Romans 1: 18 – 32

Text: Exodus 20: 14 You shall not commit adultery. (ESV)

Q. 108 What does the seventh commandment teach us?

A. That God condemns all unchastity, and that therefore we should thoroughly detest it and live decent and chaste lives, within or outside of the holy state of marriage.

Q. 109 Does God, in this commandment, forbid only such scandalous sins as adultery?

A. We are temples of the Holy Spirit, body and soul, and God wants both to be kept clean and holy. That is why God forbids all unchaste actions, looks, talk, thoughts, or desires, and whatever may incite someone to them.

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A most relevant subject: We live in a time when a chaste life is mocked, divorce is common, adultery is considered fun, and pornography is rampant.

A most delicate approach:

  1. Biblical context:

God’s creation:

God’s gift:

God’s ordinance:

  1. Biblical arguments:

The Being of God:

The temple of God:

The church of God:

  1. Biblical requirements:








  1. Biblical warning:

Divine rebuke:

Divine punishment:

Divine reprobation:

Heidelberg Catechisms 105 – 107

Preacher: Rev Gavino Fioretti

Readings: Numbers 35: 9 – 34

Text: Exodus 20: 13 You shall not murder. (ESV)

Q. 105 What is God’s will for you in the sixth commandment?

A. I am not to belittle, hate, insult, or kill my neighbour—not by my thoughts, my words, my look or gesture, and certainly not by actual deeds— and I am not to be party to this in others; rather, I am to put away all desire for revenge. I am not to harm or recklessly endanger myself either. Prevention of murder is also why government is armed with the sword.

Q. 106 Does this commandment refer only to murder?

A. By forbidding murder God teaches us that he hates the root of murder: envy, hatred, anger, vindictiveness. In God’s sight all such are disguised forms of murder.

Q. 107 Is it enough then that we do not murder our neighbour in any such way?

A. No. By condemning envy, hatred, and anger God wants us to love our neighbours as ourselves, to be patient, peace-loving, gentle, merciful, and friendly toward them, to protect them from harm as much as we can, and to do good even to our enemies.

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  1. The ground for this commandment:

God’s hatred:

God’s archenemy: …he was a murderer from the beginning (John 8:44)

God’s creation: Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed, for God made man in his own image (Gen 9:6)

God’s image:

  1. The extent of this commandment:

Our thoughts:

Our words:

Our works:

Our life:

Our neighbours:

Our enemies:

Our government:

  1. The qualifications to this commandment:

Capital punishment: (Gen 9:6)

it is very revealing that many of those who oppose capital punishment are in favour of assisted suicide and abortion.

Various degrees:

Just wars:

Heidelberg Catechisms 104

Preacher: Rev Gavino Fioretti

Readings: 1 Peter 2: 13 – 3: 22; Ephesians 5: 22 – 6: 9

Text: Exodus 20: 12 Honour your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you. (ESV)

Q. 104 What is God’s will for you in the fifth commandment?

A. That I honour, love, and be loyal to my father and mother and all those in authority over me; that I submit myself with proper obedience to all their good teaching and discipline; and also that I be patient with their failings—for through them God chooses to rule us.

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  1. God’s institutions:





  1. God’s demands:






  1. God’s sovereignty:

Chosen by God:

Under God:

  1. God’s balance:

The Law:

The prophets:

The Psalms:

The apostles:

The Christ: